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Institut Penyelidikan Dan Kemajuan Pertanian Malaysia

 
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FOKUS PENYELIDIKAN

Teknologi

A. Maximum Residual Limit (MRL) and Contamination of Ecosystem

  • Ready/ Commercialised
    • A rapid, reliable and robust pesticide residue analytical method in fruits and vegetables
  • Potential 
    • MRL of pesticides in exported tropical fruits
    • Contamination profile of pesticides in agroenvironment

 

B. Crop Environment Interaction: Physiological disorders and acclimatization process

  • Ready/ Commercialised
    • CREST - Crop establishment guideline for high yielding irrigate rice
  • Potential
    • Tomato and hot Chili cultivation under controlled environment structures.

 

C. Sustainable Land Resource Management

  • Ready/ Commercialised
    • Prototype LUPAS (Land use planning analysis system
    • PARAEVAL (Parametric evaluation of land use) Tool

 

Exploratory agricultural land use planning for the Kedah-Perlis region in Malaysia was tested using ‘Land Use Planning and Analysis System’ (LUPAS). LUPAS integrates important elements that influence the agriculture industry, such as biophysical, socio-economic and policy. Its capabilities in handling ‘what-if’ questions stimulated discussion among policy makers, planners, resource managers and agricultural scientists. Operationalization of LUPAS required skill and knowledge in various fields, as well as certain degree of customization, and therefore cannot be carried out by planners or policy makers alone. LUPAS is preferably best seen as an integral part of developing land use policies. This implies the requirement for the involvement of interest groups or stakeholders from the very beginning.

 

D. Sustainable Peat Ecosystem Management

  • Ready/ Commercialised
    • Environmental friendly peatland clearing technique

 

Impact of Land Clearing Technique on Socio-Economic and Tropical Peatland

During the opening of MARDI Peat Research Station at Sessang, Sarawak, in 2001, seven land clearing techniques were employed, namely ‘felling-burning’, ‘felling-stacking (outside the plot)’, ‘felling-stacking (inside the plot)’, ‘felling-chipping-stacking (outside the plot)’, ‘selective clearing’, ‘felling-burying’ and ‘clean clear’. Together with the exercise, studies were carried out to quantify the immediate and residual impacts of the techniques on socio-economics and the peatland ecosystems.

The studies indicated contrasting suitability of the various land clearing techniques between the immediate domestic socio-economic needs and long-term global environmental issues. The conventional ‘felling-burning’ technique is practical, cheap and suitable for agriculture but immediately release more than 100 ton carbon into the atmosphere. For a new planting of perennial crops, the ‘felling-stacking (inside the plot)’ technique is probably the best choice. It is cheap, fairly suitable for agriculture and environmentally acceptable. Crop planting rows can be located in between forest debris stacks, which will be fully decomposed after three years. For the purpose of maintaining atmospheric carbon balance, the ‘felling-burying’ technique should be recommended. The technique is costly but capable of adding more than 100 ton carbon from the forest debris into the peatland.

 

 

 

 



Last Updated 2016-05-03 11:12:10 by Administrator

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